[66] Under the leadership of his son, ʻAbdu'l-Bahá, the religion gained a footing in Europe and America, and was consolidated in Iran, where it still suffers intense persecution. [12] Additionally, Baháʼís have self-organized in most of the nations of the world. Baháʼís do not expect a new manifestation of God to appear within 1000 years of Baháʼu'lláh's revelation. [c], The older term "Bahaʼism" (or "Bahaism") is still used,[16][17][18][19][20] for example as a variant of "Bahai Faith" by the US Library of Congress,[21] but it is now less common[22] and the Baháʼí community prefers "Baháʼí Faith". Religion is thus seen as orderly, unified, and progressive from age to age. [43] Through recognition and obedience, service to humanity and regular prayer and spiritual practice, the Baháʼí writings state that the soul becomes closer to God, the spiritual ideal in Baháʼí belief. The Baha'i Faith; Communities; Calendar; Links; Contact us; Calendar. Kull-i-Sh ay' (1-361 B.E.). The Baháʼí teachings speak of a "Greater Covenant",[49] being universal and endless, and a "Lesser Covenant", being unique to each religious dispensation. [25] Baha'is believe that God periodically reveals his will through divine messengers, whose purpose is to transform the character of humankind and to develop, within those who respond, moral and spiritual qualities. [94], A Baháʼí-published document reported 4.74 million Baháʼís in 1986 growing at a rate of 4.4%. It is a solar calendar reflecting a year of 19 months. I can make translation into Russian and distribute it free of charge online. Significant Bahá’í Dates 177 B.E. Buy Christian Books online in India. [28], The following principles are frequently listed as a quick summary of the Baháʼí teachings. [86][87] Additional lines of action include social action and participation in the prevalent discourses of society. [145] In one case in Yazd in 1903 more than 100 Baháʼís were killed. [31], Baháʼí notions of progressive religious revelation result in their accepting the validity of the well known religions of the world, whose founders and central figures are seen as Manifestations of God. Please join us on Tuesday, October 29, 2019, at 5:45 PM at the Arlington Central Library Auditorium, 1015 N Quincy Street, Arlington 22201. [69][75] In his Will, ʻAbdu'l-Bahá appointed Shoghi Effendi, his eldest grandson, as the first Guardian of the Baháʼí Faith. Religious Organization. The laws, when not in direct conflict with the civil laws of the country of residence, are binding on every Baháʼí. Calendar of Activities. 'Note on transliteration, dates and names', in Brookshaw & Fazel, eds. "[117], Baháʼu'lláh prohibited a mendicant and ascetic lifestyle. The Baháʼí Faith (/bəˈhɑːiː, bəˈhaɪ/; Persian: بهائی‎ Bahāʼi) is a new religion[a] teaching the essential worth of all religions and the unity of all people. Browse by various categories or search for a book. In addition to the daily obligatory prayer, Baháʼís should offer daily devotional prayer and to meditate and study sacred scripture. newsletter@omahabahai.org Text: 402-686-5683 or 402-216-4815. In English, the word Baháʼí is used either as an adjective to refer to the Baháʼí Faith or as a term for a follower of Baháʼu'lláh. The Badíʻ calendar used in the Baháʼí Faith is a solar calendar consisting of 19 months and 4-5 Intercalary Days, with new year at the northern spring equinox.Each month is named after virtues (e.g. Bahá’í Reference Library » The Bahá’í Reference Library is the authoritative online source of Bahá’í writings. Shoghi Effendi, the head of the religion from 1921 to 1957, wrote the following summary of what he considered to be the distinguishing principles of Baháʼu'lláh's teachings, which, he said, together with the laws and ordinances of the Kitáb-i-Aqdas constitute the bedrock of the Baháʼí Faith: The independent search after truth, unfettered by superstition or tradition; the oneness of the entire human race, the pivotal principle and fundamental doctrine of the Faith; the basic unity of all religions; the condemnation of all forms of prejudice, whether religious, racial, class or national; the harmony which must exist between religion and science; the equality of men and women, the two wings on which the bird of human kind is able to soar; the introduction of compulsory education; the adoption of a universal auxiliary language; the abolition of the extremes of wealth and poverty; the institution of a world tribunal for the adjudication of disputes between nations; the exaltation of work, performed in the spirit of service, to the rank of worship; the glorification of justice as the ruling principle in human society, and of religion as a bulwark for the protection of all peoples and nations; and the establishment of a permanent and universal peace as the supreme goal of all mankind—these stand out as the essential elements [which Baháʼu'lláh proclaimed]. The Greater Covenant is viewed as a more enduring agreement between God and humanity, where a Manifestation of God is expected to come to humanity about every thousand years, at times of turmoil and uncertainty. [135] The Baháʼí International Community is an agency under the direction of the Universal House of Justice in Haifa, and has consultative status with the following organizations:[136][137], The Baháʼí International Community has offices at the United Nations in New York and Geneva and representations to United Nations regional commissions and other offices in Addis Ababa, Bangkok, Nairobi, Rome, Santiago, and Vienna. January. Terapi for Par. (2005). The Baháʼí Faith has also undertaken joint development programs with various other United Nations agencies. Although the Baháʼí teachings have a strong emphasis on social and ethical issues, a number of foundational texts have been described as mystical. Baháʼu'lláh's Kitáb-i-Aqdas and The Will and Testament of ʻAbdu'l-Bahá are foundational documents of the Baháʼí administrative order. Main menu. His father left a will that appointed ʻAbdu'l-Bahá as the leader of the Baháʼí community, and designated him as the "Centre of the Covenant", "Head of the Faith", and the sole authoritative interpreter of Baháʼu'lláh's writings. [28] These include the Seven Valleys and the Four Valleys. March 2019, IIID Design Excellence Award. The Baháʼí Faith is a medium-sized religion[111] and was listed in The Britannica Book of the Year (1992–present) as the second most widespread of the world's independent religions in terms of the number of countries represented. The symbols of the religion are derived from the Arabic word Baháʼ (بهاء "splendor" or "glory"), with a numerical value of 9, which is why the most common symbol is the nine-pointed star. Baháʼís annually elect local, regional, and national Spiritual Assemblies that govern the religion's affairs. [96] The World Christian Encyclopedia estimated 7.1 million Baháʼís in the world in 2000, representing 218 countries,[97] and 7.3 million in 2010[98] with the same source. Feast Days and Holy Days of the new Bahá'í Calendar. These Divine Educators are often referred to as the “Twin Manifestations of God” because of their dual roles in establishing the Bahá’í Faith in the 19th century. [71] He died there in 1892. [27] The existence of God and the universe is thought to be eternal, without a beginning or end. We hope you’ve enjoyed highlights from our interfaith calendar for 2020. A&C Black. These clerical directives led to mob attacks and public executions. [117], Baháʼís intending to marry are asked to obtain a thorough understanding of the other's character before deciding to marry. The Bahá'í Calendar started from the original Badíʿ Calendar, created by the Báb in the Kitabu'l-Asmá' and the Persian Bayán (5:3) in the 1840s. There are eleven holy days on the Bahá'í calendar, which is divided into 19 months of 19 days each per year. Posted on March 9, 2019 by Kim in Fiji. The Baháʼí Faith is described in reliable sources as a 'religion', 'sect'. The following are a few examples from Baháʼu'lláh's teachings on personal conduct that are required or encouraged of his followers: The following are a few examples from Baháʼu'lláh's teachings on personal conduct that are prohibited or discouraged. This plan included extremely ambitious goals for the expansion of Baháʼí communities and institutions, the translation of Baháʼí texts into several new languages, and the sending of Baháʼí pioneers into previously unreached nations. May 2020, SpaceMatters projects on DesignVerse . Worldwide in 1979 there were 129 officially recognized Baháʼí socio-economic development projects. Instead, you are invited to our on-line meetings: All start times are EST. The year consists of 19 months, each having 19 days, with four or five intercalary days , to make a full solar year . [158] Further sessions were held on 7 February 2010,[159] 12 April 2010[160] and 12 June 2010. It was first translated into English in 1906, becoming one of the earliest available books of Baháʼu'lláh to the West. At the heart of Baháʼí teachings is the goal of a unified world order that ensures the prosperity of all nations, races, creeds, and classes.[13][14]. After ʻAbdu'l-Bahá's death in 1921, leadership of the religion fell to his grandson Shoghi Effendi (1897–1957). One example is the Universal House of Justice decision to observe the Twin Holy Days on successive dates, i.e., the Birth of Baha'u'llah immediately follows the Birth of the Bab. Feast Days and Holy Days of the new Bahá’í Calendar (according to the 10 July 2014 letter from the Universal House of Justice) . The Baháʼí calendar is based upon the calendar established by the Báb. The Baháʼí Faith was ranked by Foreign Policy magazine as the world's second fastest growing religion by percentage (1.7%) in 2007.[112]. Each month has 19 days. pp. This includes works by his son ʻAbdu'l-Bahá, and the Báb, who is regarded as Baháʼu'lláh's forerunner. The Báb's claim to divine revelation was rejected by the generality of Islamic clergy in Iran, ending in his public execution by authorities in 1850. [82], The marginalization of the Iranian Baháʼís by current governments is rooted in historical efforts by Muslim clergy to persecute the religious minority. The chairman of the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom said that it seems that the government has already predetermined the outcome of the case and is violating international human rights law. See the Baha'i Calendar for today's date. To be included in our text message reminders and updates for activities sign up with Remind by providing your cell phone number. [25] In Baghdad, his leadership revived the persecuted followers of the Báb in Iran, so Iranian authorities requested his removal, which instigated a summons to Constantinople (now Istanbul) from the Ottoman Sultan. [134], Baháʼu'lláh wrote of the need for world government in this age of humanity's collective life. The House of Justice then launched a nine-year plan in 1964, and a series of subsequent multi-year plans of varying length and goals followed, guiding the direction of the international Baháʼí community. [25] From the time of the initial exile from Iran, tensions grew between him and Subh-i-Azal, the appointed leader of the Bábís, who did not recognize Baháʼu'lláh's claim. [25] The Baháʼí teachings state that the unification of humanity is the paramount issue in the religious and political conditions of the present world. Conversely, certain general principles (for example, neighbourliness, or charity) are seen to be universal and consistent. [126] The ringstone symbol and calligraphy of the Greatest Name are also often encountered. [177] The first identification cards were issued to two Baháʼís under the new decree on 8 August 2009. The remains of the Báb were brought secretly from Iran to the Holy Land and eventually interred in the tomb built for them in a spot specifically designated by Baháʼu'lláh. Everyone is welcome to attend activities listed here. It was initiated and established by the Báb and various works were written in calligraphy shaped into a five-pointed star. Ascension of Abdu’l-Baha̒ commemorates the death in 1921 of Abu’l-Baha̒, son of Baha̒’u’lla̒h, founder of the Baha’i faith. The calendar was created by the Báb and refined by Bahá'u'lláh and the Universal House of Justice.. Each year starts on "Naw-Rúz", the vernal equinox (in March), and has 19 months. It is the day on which Bahá’u’lláh declared His mission as a Messenger of God. Welcome to the website of the Bahá'i community of Minneapolis! Each of the 19 months of the Bahá'í year was given one of the names of God from the Islámic tradition. ʻAbbás Effendi was Baháʼu'lláh's eldest son, known by the title of ʻAbdu'l-Bahá (Servant of Bahá). [67], On the evening of 22 May 1844, Siyyid ʻAlí-Muhammad of Shiraz gained his first convert and took on the title of "the Báb" (الباب "the Gate"), referring to his later claim to the status of Mahdi of Shiʻa Islam. Since the Islamic Revolution of 1979 Iranian Baháʼís have regularly had their homes ransacked or have been banned from attending university or from holding government jobs, and several hundred have received prison sentences for their religious beliefs, most recently for participating in study circles. Birth of the Báb – Baha’i 10th Birth of Baha’u’llah – Baha’i 11th Armistice Day – Interfaith Remembrance Sunday 13th World Kindness Day 14th World Diabetes Day 15th Nativity Fast begins – Orthodox Christian 17th22 International Students’ Day Some measure of divine guidance is assumed for all of these texts. Date information, and more, can also be viewed at https://wondrous-badi.today (ideal for smartphones) or by installing the Badí’ Calendar web extension for Chrome or Firefox – read about it here . This major religious holidays calendar and list of world religious festivals is compiled from a list of all events – as well as inclusion tips, diet restrictions and more – you’ll find in our interactive Electronic Diversity Calendar. 1 May 2016 Added an Interactive Calendar which allows you to browse through all dates in the 1. Mírzá Husayn ʻAlí Núrí was one of the early followers of the Báb, and later took the title of Baháʼu'lláh. [25] He unexpectedly died after a brief illness on 4 November 1957, in London, England, under conditions that did not allow for a successor to be appointed. For questions regarding any calendar events please ask! [55][56] The Baháʼí community is unified.[50]. 2020 Calendar. [70] Among the more well known are The Secret of Divine Civilization, the Tablet to Auguste-Henri Forel, and Some Answered Questions. January 2: Bodhi Day, the Buddhist holiday that commemorates the day that the historical Buddha, Siddhartha Gautama (Shakyamuni), experienced enlightenment, also known as bodhi in Sanskrit and Pali. COVID-19 Anxiety: How to Deal With It – 7 Tips, See *All* Upcoming Religious Events, Key Details, Find Out Religious Restrictions for Work, Diet + More, Get Inclusion Tips™ – Do’s + Don’ts for Diverse Religions. [53][54] The followers of such divisions are regarded as Covenant-breakers and shunned, essentially excommunicated. Shoghi Effendi served for 36 years as the head of the religion until his death. Baha'i Blog celebrates its birthday every year after Naw-Ruz, and now that we've just celebrated our 8th birthday, it's time for our annual top 10 countdown of Baha'i Blog's most read articles of the year! The Baha’i calendar uses a new and different approach that accounts for and corrects both of these inherent problems. 2019 American Baha'i Pocket Calendar folds in half to fit in your wallet & runs from 1/19-3/20. As the anti-Shah movement gained ground and support, revolutionary propaganda was spread which alleged that some of the Shah's advisors were Baháʼís. In the 2000 Millennium Forum of the United Nations a Baháʼí was invited as the only non-governmental speaker during the summit. After receiving chastising letters from Baháʼu'lláh, Ottoman authorities turned against him and put him under house arrest in Adrianople (now Edirne), where he remained for four years, until a royal decree of 1868 banished all Bábís to either Cyprus or ʻAkká. (, Hvithamar, Warburg & Warmind, eds. [122] The first ever Mas͟hriqu'l-Ad͟hkár in ʻIshqábád, Turkmenistan, has been the most complete House of Worship. After initially strict and harsh confinement, he was allowed to live in a home near ʻAkká, while still officially a prisoner of that city. A list of frequently asked questions is here. The Báb himself was imprisoned and eventually executed in 1850. [168] The Iranian government also accuses the Baháʼí Faith of being associated with Zionism. Calendar The Phoenix Bahá’í Community is comprised of several neighborhood & sector groups that have various kinds of meetings, including devotional meetings, study circles, children’s classes, junior youth groups & youth activities, as well as informal gatherings of friends, families & neighbors. [116] The Baháʼí teachings on marriage call it a fortress for well-being and salvation and place marriage and the family as the foundation of the structure of human society. Humanity is seen as essentially one, though highly varied; its diversity of race and culture are seen as worthy of appreciation and acceptance. In 1863, at the time of his removal from Baghdad, Baháʼu'lláh first announced his claim of prophethood to his family and followers, which he said came to him years earlier while in a dungeon of Tehran. Every human is seen to have a duty to recognize God through his messengers, and to conform to their teachings. [153] In March 2018, two more Baháʼí students were expelled from universities in the cities of Zanjan and Gilan because of their religion. A public Google calendar with Bahá’í Holy Days for the next few years can be found here. Sources summarize the Baháʼí Faith as teaching, "the essential worth of all religions, the unity of all peoples, and the equality of the sexes". [41] Baháʼu'lláh is believed to have fulfilled the messianic expectations of these precursor faiths. [citation needed] Religious history is interpreted as a series of dispensations, where each manifestation brings a somewhat broader and more advanced revelation that is rendered as a text of scripture and passed on through history with greater or lesser reliability but at least true in substance,[33] suited for the time and place in which it was expressed. Instead, you are invited to our on-line meetings: All start times are EST. What is Islamic date today in Pakistan, and what is the Islamic month according to Gregorian Calendar in world. The latter do not serve as clergy, which the Baháʼí Faith does not have. March 2020, The Guardian feature. January 1: New Year’s Day, the first day of the year according to the modern Gregorian calendar, celebrated within most Western countries. According to a US panel, attacks on Baháʼís in Iran increased under Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's presidency. Common years in the Bahá'í calendar have four extra – or intercalary – days between the last two months of the year. All Baháʼí community properties, including Baháʼí centers, libraries, and cemeteries, have been confiscated by the government and fatwas have been issued charging Baháʼís with apostasy. See for example: In line with this is the thinking that the government encouraged the campaign to distract attention from more serious problems, including acute economic difficulties. Religious Organization. The Baháʼí Faith stresses the unity of all people, explicitly rejecting racism and nationalism. [58], Some of Baháʼu'lláh's most important writings include the Kitáb-i-Aqdas ("Most Holy Book"), which defines many laws and practices for individuals and society,[59] the Kitáb-i-Íqán ("Book of Certitude"), which became the foundation of much of Baháʼí belief,[60] and Gems of Divine Mysteries, which includes further doctrinal foundations. An early version of the calendar began to … [154][155] The United Nations Commission on Human Rights revealed an October 2005 confidential letter from Command Headquarters of the Armed Forces of Iran ordering its members to identify Baháʼís and to monitor their activities. [167] However, the government has never produced convincing evidence supporting its characterization of the Baháʼí community. The year 176 BE will start on the day of the vernal equinox (in Tehran) in 2019, that is on 21 March 2019. Baháʼu'lláh first announces his claim to divine revelation in Baghdad, Iraq. Realigned With Equinox To help you, here’s our 2020 interfaith calendar, and inclusive religious calendar of holy days. Leap Day: February 29. provides conversion/contrast of date of different calendars (calendar converter) hebdomeros. Advent is celebrated as the beginning of the Christian religious calendar in preparation for the nativity of Jesus. [90] Annually, on 21 April, the Universal House of Justice sends a 'Ridván' message to the worldwide Baháʼí community,[91] that updates Baháʼís on current developments and provides further guidance for the year to come. Dates you see here may be very different from dates of previous years. He is forced to leave Baghdad for Constantinople, then Adrianople, Baháʼu'lláh is forced into harsher confinement in ʻAkká, in present-day Israel, His Will appointed ʻAbdu'l-Bahá as successor, His Will appointed Shoghi Effendi as Guardian, The Universal House of Justice is first elected. Baháʼí communities gather at the beginning of each month at a meeting called a Feast for worship, consultation and socializing. For other related uses, see, Monotheistic religion founded by Baháʼu'lláh. [132], The religion entered a new phase of activity when a message of the Universal House of Justice dated 20 October 1983 was released. To view all 200+ events and religious observances, see our Diversity Calendar suite, 01/02 – Sikh: Guru Gobind Singh’s Birthday – honors Guru Gobind Singh (1666-1708), the Sikhs’ tenth great master and teacher, 01/06 – Christian: Epiphany – celebrated in Hispanic and some European countries, marking 12 days after Christmas and the three kings arriving in Bethlehem with gifts for baby Jesus, 01/07 – Coptic Orthodox Christian: Christmas – observed on this date by the Coptic Orthodox Church of Egypt and several Eastern Orthodox Christian communities (Eastern Europe), 01/14 – Eastern Orthodox Christian: New Year, 01/15 – Hindu: Makar Sankranti – harvest festival, marking the beginning of spring in India, 01/19 – Baha’i : World Religion Day- celebrates oneness of world religions and a motivating force for world unity, Electronic Diversity Calendar™ A Brief Introduction to the Baha'i Faith Junior Youth groups. The Bahá'í calendar, named the Badí‘ calendar (badí‘ means wondrous or unique), is a solar calendar used by Bábism and the Bahá'í Faith.. [173], During the 1920s Egypt's religious Tribunal recognized the Baha'i Faith as a new, independent religion, totally separate from Islam, due to the nature of the 'laws, principles and beliefs' of the Baha'is. The year consists of 19 months, each having 19 days, with four or five intercalary days, to make a full solar year. [28][36] The religion was initially seen as a sect of Islam because of its belief in the prophethood of Muhammad and in the authenticity and veracity of the Qur’an. Phone 812-834-5691 800-326-1197 in October 2019 Bahá ’ u ’ lláh declared his mission as a of! Perfection, Mercy ), called the Badí ’ calendar [ 28 ] the existence of.. In one case in Yazd in 1903 more than baha'i calendar 2019 Baháʼís were executed between 1978 and 1998 which that... On 12 January 2010 your wallet & runs from 1/19-3/20 the universal of... 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[ 110 ] this process of progressive revelation will end... Conversion/Contrast of date of different calendars ( calendar converter ) hebdomeros to consistently have a estimate! Prayer each day. [ 72 ] a strong emphasis on social and ethical,! The earliest available Books of Baháʼu'lláh 's forerunner baha'i calendar 2019, abide by the Báb was... ' i temple in new Delhi, India abolition of prejudice meditate study! All, verily, abide by the Bahá ' í Fast the essential of!